Biological Computer: Stanford Researchers Discover Genetic Transistors That Turn Cells Into Computers
A recent study from Stanford University has shown how the treatment of diseases has become revolutionized through the creation of genetic receptors.
The research team found that by inserting the genetic transistors into the living cells, they could be turned on and off depending on the specific criteria. They have hopes that the transistors can be eventually constructed into living computers to tackle tasks such as locating a particular cell toxin, determining the number of times a cancerous cell has been divided and understanding the interaction between cells and administered drugs.
When the transistor concludes that the criteria have been met, it could be used in other ways such as making the cell and other cells surrounding it and destroying cancerous cells.
Head researcher at the Stanford School of Engineering Drew Endy explained, “We’re capable of placing computers into any living cell and maintain computing in areas where silicon has yet to work.”
The researchers showcased their work utilizing E. coli bacteria, which is an organism that is most often used in genetic research.
Conventional computers can use millions of miniscule transistors to help stem the flow of electrons. Logic gate, multiple transistors that work in tandem, will serve as the basis for all computations run by computers worldwide.
The biological transistors, which the researchers have labeled “transcriptors,” control the flow of RNA proteins using enzymes. This is similar to the way a computer would select silicon transistors to curtail electron flow.
It’s a great way for humans to rethink their views on the human body. It can also be used to educate others on a host of other living systems such as microbes and plants to better monitor the environment.
Extreme Tech reports:
In addition to the use of logic gates, you also need to think about data storage and a way to connect the various transcriptors in order for them to operate together. Many research groups have found a successful way to store data in DNA. Stanford has also implemented a brilliant plan for using the M13 virus to channel DNA strands between cells. In the end, it’s safe to say that the solid basis for a biological computer has now been formed.
Highly functional biological computers may not be imminent, but progress has been made through the biological sensors, and the way they measure and record cell changes. The contributions Stanford has made should pave the path for other research facilities such as Harvard’s Wyss Institute to start on the first biological computer. Many of their findings are listed under a public domain, making it easy for other scientists to build off these discoveries.
Nobel prize-winning research discovered that impotence can be reversed or prevented with a natural health program. Impotence is almost always a physiological problem. It is very rarely psychological, “performance anxiety,” relationship difficulties, or “all in your head.” In the past, due to ignorance, many doctors promoted these beliefs. In fact, many medical articles about impotence, also called erectile dysfunction or ED, were published in psychiatric journals. A Nobel Prize winning discovery changed all that—and opened the door to natural solutions that may prevent, and even reverse, ED.
Impotence is Common
ED is a devastatingly common problem. An estimated 18-20 million American men have some degree of ED. That means nearly one in five men age 20 and older has some degree of impotence. If 20 percent of men having impotence is bad (and I think it is), it only gets worse as men age. In men age 70 and older, up to 70 percent—or seven out of ten have ED. [ii]
Such a high rate of ED is tragic because men and women both say that as they age, sex is still very important to their relationship. A recent AARP study of middle-aged and older adults found that five out of six people surveyed disagreed with the statement that “Sex is only for younger people.” Six out of 10 people stated that sexual activity was crucial to a good relationship. A Harvard University report on male sexuality after 50 says that 50-80 percent of healthy couples over age 70 report sexual activity on a regular basis, with half having weekly intercourse.[iii] Obviously, the desire to have sex doesn’t go away with age. It may not be the all-consuming drive you had when you were 20, but it doesn’t disappear
If it’s not psychological, then what causes the dramatic increase in impotence as men age? Is there anything you can do if you already have ED? What can you do to help prevent impotence from happening to you? Fortunately, thanks to scientific research, there are answers to these questions.
The 4 Most Common Causes of Impotence[iv] [v]
1. Damage to your network of arteries, veins and capillaries (vascular system) — 60%
2. Medications — 25%
(Please see “Men: Are Your Medications Making You Impotent” for vital information about the dangers of common meds.)
3. Decline in hormones — 5%
4. Other: alcohol, physical injury, bike riding, anxiety, depression, relationship difficulties — 10%
The Power of NO
Most men don’t want to hear “NO” in regards to sex. However, a gas called NO, or nitric oxide, is the answer to impotence. As you can see from the statistics above, the main cause of erectile dysfunction is a problem with the network of tubing that carries blood throughout your body—your vascular system.
The three men who won the Nobel Prize in 1998 identified precisely that not enough NO—nitric oxide—in your vascular system causes impotence. (Don’t confuse NO with nitrous oxide—laughing gas. They are not the same.)
Nitric oxide is mainly produced in the lining of your arteries, veins and capillaries. If the lining of these blood vessels is damaged, you won’t produce enough NO to keep your vascular system healthy—and you won’t be able to have an erection.
Most commonly, damage to your arteries is from inflammation and by oxidation of cholesterol. This causes lesions and plaque to form and arteries to become rigid and clogged. Rigid and clogged arteries prevent a healthy flow of blood and lead erectile dysfunction! Having enough NO can prevent or reverse the problem of impotetnce.[vi]
Here’s what the Nobel Prize announcement said…
“NO can initiate the erection of the penis
by dilating the blood vessels to the erectile bodies.”[vii]
A failure to produce enough NO causes failure of erections. It’s that simple. And it’s not just sexual function that suffers.
A lack of NO may lead to:[viii]
- Erectile dysfunction
- High blood pressure
- Heart attacks
- Plaque-filled arteries
- Low immune system
- Diabetic complications
- Memory loss
- Stomach ulcers
- Arthritis and other inflammatory conditions
The discovery of nitric oxide and its importance to the health of virtually every human organ was so revolutionary that it won the Nobel Prize in 1998!
What is NO?
Nitric oxide or NO is a gas that is mainly produced in the lining of your arteries, veins and capillaries. This lining, called the endothelium, is so delicate that it is only one cell thick! Anything that damages the endothelium endangers your ability to produce healthy amounts of NO. When you have a healthy and well-nourished endothelium, it produces optimum levels of NO.
NO is also produced by the nerve cells in the erectile tissue of the penis, and also by the nerves in the brain and the lungs. In order for the penile nerves to work properly and stimulate an erection, the blood vessels and the nerves must have enough NO to keep them in good working order.[ix]
The Viagra Revolution — The Good and the Bad
Viagra was developed based on the NO research. Viagra and other medications for ED influence the activity of NO in the penile area. These medications were a revolution in the treatment of impotence. Like many revolutions, it had a major pro and con. The pro was that many men were helped to have functional erections. The con was that there was a price to pay—side effects.
If you’re reading this article and you have ED, you may have tried the prescription medications and decided you want to use something long term that actually goes to the root of the problem—and avoids the side effects. The prescription medications don’t solve the problem of a lack of NO. Fortunately, there are safe, all-natural solutions that can increase your natural production of NO.
How You Can Get More NO
Unfortunately, you cannot take a direct supplement of nitric oxide. There are ways, however, to naturally increase your levels of NO. Eating the right foods and taking supplements may dramatically increase your levels of NO
5 Best Foods to Increase NO
Scientists are discovering that special antioxidants in food and beverages help the body produce healthy amounts of NO.
- Red wine, red wine extract and grapes are high in resveratrol and other flavonoids that increase nitric oxide.[x]
- High-flavanol cocoa and chocolate increase nitric oxide. Processing can reduce the flavanol content. All chocolate does not increase NO, so look for raw, unfermented cocoa or dark chocolate that guarantees a high flavanol content.[xi]
- Green and black tea are high in flavanol antioxidants that increase NO.
- Almonds are high in arginine, an amino acid that is a precursor to NO.
- Wild salmon and other high-protein seafood, eggs and meats are high in the amino acid, arginine, that is a precursor to NO. [xii]
6 Best Supplements that May Prevent or Reverse Erectile Dysfunction Caused by a Lack of NO
- Resveratrol — a powerful antioxidant that increases NO in arteries.[xiii] It helps make more NO available and significantly improves the relaxation of blood vessels, even where there is high blood pressure.[xiv] [xv] Resveratrol’s ability to increase nitric oxide has also been shown to help increase longevity.[xvi]
- Red wine extract (95% OPCs) and grape seed extract — specifically support health of blood vessels.[xvii]
- Alpha lipoic acid — powerful antioxidant that protects the endothelium.[xviii]
- L-Arginine – amino acid that is a precursor to NO.[xix]
- Boswellia — a potent natural herb that specifically protects arteries and the endothelium from inflammatory damage.[xx] [xxi]
- Herbal potency formula that contains: Tribulus, American ginseng, Cnidium, Epimedium, GABA. All of these natural herbs and supplements increase levels of NO. They work best when taken as a formula.[xxii]
ED=Early Detection of Heart Disease and Diabetes
One of the dangers of heart disease is that it is difficult to detect in its early stages. Half of all heart attacks happen to people with normal cholesterol. It’s hard for doctors to know how much inflammation and oxidation is damaging your arteries until it’s fairly well advanced. Now, scientists have discovered that erectile dysfunction is a very accurate early warning sign of heart disease.
A study at the University of Chicago revealed that ED was a more accurate predictor of significant heart disease than family history, cholesterol, or blood pressure levels. Dr. Parker Ward, M.D., lead author of the study said,”…the fact that heart disease and ED are linked biologically should come as no surprise.” [xxiii] The penile arteries are smaller than coronary arteries and so they will clog up from oxidized plaque sooner than heart arteries.
Damage to arteries and capillaries resulting in ED is a well-known side effect of diabetes. If you have diabetes, support healthy sexual functioning with a program to increase levels of NO.[xxiv]
Single Best Supplement to Help ED for Men with Peyronie’s
Peyronie’s is a curvature of the penis that may lead to erectile dysfunction. Fibrous tissue forms inside penile tissue that causes the penis to curve. Acetyl L-Carnitine has been shown to be one of the most effective treatments—more effective than prescription medication.[xxv] Please discuss the research findings with your doctor to determine the best program for you. Acetyl L-carnitine for Peyronie’s is taken at high dosages (2000 mg/daily) with food. Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant supplements may also be helpful in reducing the scarring that causes formation of the fibrous tissue.
|Scar size reduction||
DHEA Supplement May Help Improve Overall Sexual Function
Some men’s sexual difficulties are due to lower levels of hormones as they age. The data suggests that low hormones account for 5 percent of erectile difficulties. However, many men do not have trouble with erections, but have low sex drive and energy and reduced stamina and strength. Many men also have problems with depression and poor mood that can be helped with DHEA.
There is significant research that shows that oral or topical DHEA may help improve:
- Erectile dysfunction[xxvi]
- Mood and feelings of self-esteem[xxvii]
- Stamina, energy and performance[xxviii]
- Muscle mass and strength[xxix]
- Bone mass[xxx]
Two Sure Ways to Put Yourself at Risk for Impotence
For those of you who have read my book or other articles in Natural Health News Report you know that the scientific evidence points to two root causes of all chronic disease—including erectile dysfunction. They are inflammation and oxidation. If you are really serious about avoiding impotence as you age, I strongly suggest you read A Cardiologist’s Guide to Anti-Aging, Antioxidants and Resveratrol. It will give you more insight into the two root causes of erectile dysfunction, heart disease, diabetes and other chronic illnesses. It contains a step-by-step program to avoid inflammation and oxidation damage as you age. Aging does not have to be a time of weakness, sickness and loss of potency and vitality. By eating well, exercising and taking natural supplements, I believe you can live to a hundred—and still enjoy sex!
 Ignarro LJ. NO more heart disease. 2005. St. Martin’s Press: New York.
 Burnett Al, et al. American Heart Association Meeting Report: Erectile dysfunction’s heart risks may be offset by healthy lifestyle. Abstract P150(EP). Available from: www.americanheart.org.
 Harvard Medical School. Life after 50: A Harvard study of male sexuality. A healthy sex life—at any age! Harvard Health Publications. Available online from: www.health.harvard.edu.
 Viera AJ, et al. Newer pharmacologic alternatives for erectile dysfunction. Am Fam Phys. 1999 Sep 15; 60(4):1159-72.
 Uruology Channel. Erectile dysfunction. Available from: www.urologychannel.com/common/PrintPage.php
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 Hsieh T, et al. Resveratrol increases nitric oxide synthase. Cancer Res. 1999 June 1;59:2569-2601.
11 Hollenberg NK, et al. Cocoa, flavanols and cardiovascular risk. Br J Cardiol. 2004;11(5):379-86.
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 Hsieh T, et al. Resveratrol increases nitric oxide synthase. Cancer Res. 1999 June 1;59:2569-2601.
 Rush J, et al. Chronic resveratrol enhances endothelium-dependent relaxation but does not alter eNOS levels in aorta of spontaneously hypertensive rats. Experim Biol and Med. 2007; 232:814-822.
 Shin S, et al. Trans-resveratrol relaxes the corpus cavernosum ex vivo and enhances testosterone levels and sperm quality in vivo. Arch Pharm Res. 2008 Jan;31(1):83-7.
 Baur JA, et al. Resveratrol improves health and survival of mice on a high-calorie diet. Nature. 2006 Nov 16;444(7117):337-42.
 Maffei FR, et al. Free radical scavenging action and anti-enzyme activities of procyanidins from vitis vinifera. A mechanism for their capillary protective action. Arzneimittelforschung. 1994 May;44(5):592-601.
 Ignarro (2005).
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 Gayathri B, et al. Pure compound from Boswellia serrata extract exhibits anti-inflammatory property in human PBMCs and mouse macrophages through inhibition of TNFalpha, IL-1beta, NO and mAP kinases. Int Immunopharmacol. 2007 Apr;7(4):473-82.
 Roy S. Regulation of vascular responses to inflammation: inducible matrix metalloproteinase-3 expression in human microvascular endothelial cells I sensitive to anti-inflammatory Boswellia. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2006 Mar-Apr;8(3-4):653-60.
 Achike FI, et al. Nitric oxide, human diseases and the herbal products that affect the nitric oxide signalling pathway. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2003 Sep;30(9):605-15.
 Ward P, et al. Prediction of coronary artery disease by erectile dysfunction in men referred for nuclear stress testing. Arch Intern Med. 2006;166:201-6.
 Zheng H, et al. Lack of central nitric oxide triggers erectile dysfunction in diabetes. Am J Physiol. 2007 March.
 Biagiotti G, Cavallini G. Acetyl-L-carnitine vs tamoxifen in the oral therapy of Peyronie’s disease: a preliminary report. BJU Int. Jul 2001;88(1):63-7.
 Reiter WJ, et al. Dehydroepiandrosterone in the treatment of erectile dysfunction in patients with different organic etiologies. Urol Res. 2001 Aug;29(4):278-81.
 Hunt PJ, et al. Improvement in mood and fatigue after dehydroepiandrosterone replacement in Addison’s disease in a randomized, double-blind trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2000 Dec;85(12):4650-6.
 Morales AJ, et al. The effect of six months treatment with a 100 mg daily dose of DHEA on circulating sex steroids,body composition and muscle strength in age-advance men and women. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 1998 Oct;49(4):421-32.
 Morales (1998).
 Jankowski CM, et al. Effects of DHEA replacement therapy on bone mineral density in older adults: a randomized, controlled trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Aug;91(8):2986-93.
How did a humble vitamin that can be obtained free from sunshine make Time Magazine’s Top 10 Medical Breakthroughs for 2007? The other nine medical breakthroughs were all high-tech medications, vaccines and medical equipment. Vitamin D is about as low tech as you can get. It’s natural, it’s free, it comes from sunshine and it’s been known for over a hundred years. What’s so important about it now?
The First Vitamin D Deficiency Epidemic–Rickets
Vitamin D was identified in the early 20th century as an essential requirement of normal bone development. For several hundred years, children who lived in cities in northern Europe had been plagued by a devastating bone disease called rickets. Lack of sunshine as the cause was suspected as early as 1822. It was also noticed that children along the coastlines who were given a daily dose of cod liver oil did not develop the disease.
By the beginning of the 20th century, more than 80% of children living in industrialized cities in North America and Europe suffered from rickets. In 1921, two doctors in New York City demonstrated that sunlight could cure rickets when they exposed sick children to sunlight on the roof of a New York City hospital. Soon after that a way was found to fortify milk with vitamin D and this helped eradicate rickets in the United States.
Scientists now know that when human skin is exposed to sunlight, it creates a natural compound called cholecalciferol—a form of vitamin D called D3. Almost every cell in your body must have vitamin D3 to stay healthy. Not enough vitamin D3 and you’re going to have problems. Lots of problems in lots of cells.
Is it really possible to prevent heart disease and other devastating chronic illnesses as you age—without medication and surgery? Dr. William Gruss, M.D., a practicing cardiologist, says it is—and he cites over 200 published research papers to prove it in his new book A Cardiologist’s Guide to Anti-Aging, Antioxidants & Resveratrol.
In the book, Dr. Gruss explains how to reduce risk your risk of dying from heart disease by 40%, reduce your risk of cancer by up to 77%, reduce your risk of Alzheimer’s, diabetes and other chronic diseases and how you may even extend your lifespan. He explains in easy-to-understand language the real causes of chronic illness and what you can do to avoid them.
“Most practicing physicians don’t have the time to do this kind of research,” says Dr. Gruss. “I wrote this book to help people live a longer, healthier life—and also to inform their doctors about the cutting-edge research on anti-aging and chronic illness.”
Dr. Gruss is concerned that although research scientists have proven the connection between inflammation and oxidation and chronic diseases, many doctors aren’t getting the message. “Once you realize that all chronic diseases are caused by the same two things—oxidation and inflammation—you can start to do something about it,” says Dr. Gruss. (See The Gout Report in this issue.) What Dr. Gruss suggests you do is take a combination of five natural “super” supplements combined with some simple lifestyle changes.
One of the “super” supplements that Dr. Gruss recommends is resveratrol. Resveratrol, a compound found in red wine, red wine extract, grapes and a few other plants, has been in the news recently as an anti-aging “miracle.” Dr. Gruss thoroughly reviews the scientific literature on resveratrol and uncovers some astonishing research that has not yet hit the headlines.
“The work at Harvard on anti-aging and resveratrol is certainly exciting,” says Dr. Gruss. “However, as a cardiologist, I am equally excited about the use of resveratrol to prevent damage from heart attacks and strokes. Believe me, your doctor is not going to hear about this from the pharmaceutical companies.”
One of the most startling “secrets” revealed by Dr. Gruss in the book is the use of the antioxidant supplement alpha lipoic acid to successfully treat diabetic neuropathy. “The scientific evidence strongly supports the use of this natural supplement to help reduce the pain and numbness suffered by many diabetics,” he states.
Another highlight of the book is Dr. Gruss’s natural approach to reducing the risk of cancer. “People are so afraid of cancer they become apathetic. They think there’s nothing they can do to prevent it. Fortunately, that’s not true. You can reduce your risk of cancer significantly by a few simple lifestyle changes and the right natural supplements.”
“I don’t believe there is another book on the market like this,” concludes Dr. Gruss. “It presents the truth about what is really causing our epidemic of chronic diseases—and what you can do about it. There are very strong economic interests that do not want this information published and may attack me and the book. However, I am confident in the scientific evidence I present. As a physician, I believe my first duty is to help people be healthy.”
A Cardiologist’s Guide to Anti-Aging, Antioxidants and Resveratrol is available from http://www.naturalhealthnewsreport.com/ or call 1-800-917-8914 (Florida residents call 1-561-750-4133) to place your order now.
There is no doubt about it. The Anti-aging Antioxidant Revolution has already begun and is gaining momentum as more and more scientific evidence comes forth. We have catapulted past the days of just taking vitamin and mineral supplements and are now dealing with exciting natural antioxidant compounds. When used in the right combination – synergistically – they can provide greater health benefits than when used alone. The sum of the parts may just be greater than the whole!
Recently, the remarkable news about Resveratrol, found in red wine, created such interest that nearly everyone has had to repeat the name out loud just so they are saying it properly. Examples of its benefits are as follows:
1. Improves the number, health, and function of the mitochondria, the tiny structures inside almost every cell that produces 95% of our energy.
2. Helps provide cardiovascular protection against damage from heart attacks and stroke.
3. May extend life span. Activation of the anti-aging Sirtuin gene.
4. Reduces oxidation of LDL-cholesterol (“bad” cholesterol) that leads to atherosclerotic plaque formation in the arteries.
5. Reduces blood clotting from platelet aggregation.
6. Increases stamina.
7. Helps to clear the type of plague that can cause Alzheimer’s.
8. Protects skin from UV (Ultraviolet radiation) damage.
9. Stimulates nitric oxide that supports healthy blood vessels.
The horribly painful affliction of gout has been with humankind for thousands of years. The ancient Egyptians and Greeks suffered from it. British royalty suffered from it. Perhaps your father or grandfather suffered as well. Gout primarily affects older men and has stayed at a relatively stable level in that population—until the last 30 years. Doctors and scientists are alarmed at the increasing prevalence of gout worldwide. In the United States the incidence of gout more than doubled from 1977 to 1996. In the United Kingdom, gout increased three fold from the 1970s to the 1990s. These are the latest data available. Gout may have increased even more in the last ten years.
There are several causes for this dramatic increase that puts many more people—especially older men and post-menopausal women—at risk for gout. Knowing the new causes for gout will help you take steps to prevent getting it. If you have gout, or know someone who does, this report gives you the latest news about natural prevention and treatments. Warning: The latest research reveals that you may be drinking a common beverage every day that dramatically increases your risk of gout—and all major chronic diseases. Please read this report carefully.
Major Scientific Studies Reveal…
In this issue of Natural Health News Report you’ll learn about… The alarming reason why so many men are suffering erectile dysfunction, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, depression, deadly falls and coronary plaque that can cause heart attack and stroke. Why healthy testosterone levels aren’t a luxury, they’re absolutely essential. How doctors got it terribly wrong about testosterone and prostate health—the latest research. How to start reversing the effects of low testosterone.